Labor automation: which professions are in danger and may disappear in 10-20 years

Automation of labor threatens to completely change the modern economy. But are you safe from a potential machine revolt?

Employers are massively replacing people in industries where a machine with an algorithm can handle the task at the same level, but at a lower cost. The Brookings Institution suggests that within 10 years, 25% of professions may disappear.

Rise of the Machine Some professions have long been ripe for automation. In particular, this applies to the work that can be described as" boring and repetitive": data entry, product display, proofreading.

In 2017, the UK National Statistics Service conducted a similar study and concluded that the following professions are most at risk:

Waiters (73%)Product packers (72%)Novice workers in the field of trade (71%)Bartenders (71%)Kitchen and catering assistants (69%)And these are not just visionary predictions. The same self-service cash registers are gradually replacing cashiers. This has a positive effect on business turnover and reduces queues.

The same thing happens in warehouses, where robots increase the speed of working with orders and reduce the number of errors.

The most resistant to the risk of losing their jobs are specialists who need experience and qualifications. Also safe are those professions that require so-called "soft skills".

Dentists (21%)Secondary School Teachers (21%)Education professionals (21%)High School Teachers (20%)Medical professionals (18%)What about creative professions?If you work as a doctor, artist, or writer, you don't have to worry. Your position is safe for a while.

But don't get too relaxed. The development of artificial intelligence threatens even those professions that we used to consider "human". For example, today AI independently writes music, and even professionals are not able to distinguish it from human-made music.

Track created by Artificial Intelligence AIVA (Artificial Intelligence Virtual Artist):

The AI also paints impressive pictures. Designers are in even greater danger. Machines already know better how to match colors and make users click on the right buttons.

Is no one safe?Because of automation, many more professions will disappear at some point.

For example, drivers ' days are numbered because of self-driving cars. And even in the military, where more and more operations are conducted remotely using drones, there may be changes.

Administrators and secretaries will probably be replaced by digital assistants. It is interesting to see how, for example, Siri will communicate with Google Assistant in a few years and solve the tasks set. If you follow technological innovations, you probably remember this episode from last year's Google I/ O.

Over time, manufacturing professions will also disappear. They will be replaced by 3D printers. The builders are still out of danger, but just as long as we do not come to the fact that the finished parts of the buildings will also be printed and transported to the location, where they will only need to be assembled.

Dr. Robot At some point, even researchers and doctors will be at risk.

So, machine learning algorithms already detect signs of skin cancer better than real doctors: 95% of successful recognitions against 86.6% of doctors.Today, robots are even used in surgery. So, the robot-assisted surgical system "Da Vinci" has performed more than 1 million operations in the last year alone.

Robots never get tired, and their hands do not shake.The limitations of automationthe doctor's work involves not only identifying the problem and removing it. It is here that the main advantage of a person — non-specialization-manifests itself.

Artificial intelligence is only good at specific things. Just as the artificial synthesizer of Aiva music will not be able to suddenly start dancing or telling jokes, so Da Vinci will not go beyond its powers.

Therefore, in the near future, doctors and composers will only use AI as assistants. Robots should help them, but not replace them completely.

The good news is not just the disappearance of jobs. There is also something good.

For example, automation has its advantages for consumers: lower prices, better quality control, more choice, no queues.

There is also good news for the economy. Automation is expected to generate $ 15 trillion by 2030. And that's just 10 years from now.Thus, we are approaching the concept of an unconditional basic income, which involves obtaining a basic salary, which is possible thanks to the automation of labor. This will allow people to engage in creativity and intellectual research.

This concept has already been tested in Finland, when 2,000 people received 560 euros per month. But the experiment failed, and it was aborted in April 2018.

It is still expensive to pay everyone so much, but with the expected recovery of the economy, this will become possible.

Eventually, we may arrive at a technological singularity that will lead to either the golden age or the end of the world. The only question is what will happen in the interim.

What do you need to avoid becoming a victim of automation?Grow in all aspects and be comprehensively developed Be able to creatively approach problem solving Expand your portfolio develop communication aptitude the IT field will need professionals who can manage artificial intelligence; specialists in Data Science and digital security. In the end, robots will "take over the world". Automation of work is an inevitable and relentless wave that is unlikely to be stopped.

The only question is how long the transition will take. If your work requires special skills, is quite diverse and involves an element of mentoring, then you are safe. If you are doing something boring and repetitive, it may be time to think about changing your specialty.

On this site, you can enter the name of your profession and see what risk zone it is in.

To survive the era of automation, you need to adapt!